An allergic reaction to a generally neutral item, such as wool, pollen, soap, or plants, causes a skin allergy. This trigger causes the immune system to respond by mounting an attack to get rid of it. 

An allergic skin rash, which is typically red and irritating, is the result. Atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and hives are just a few of the allergic diseases that fall under the category of skin allergies.

Read on about the many kinds and causes of skin allergies.

Different Skin Allergy Types

There are several different allergic skin disorders, and each one manifests itself in a certain way.

  • Eczema

The first few years of childhood are when this skin condition, also known as atopic dermatitis, often starts. But it can also appear in adolescence or maturity.

The rash typically develops in the flexural areas in older kids, teenagers, and adults, though it can also affect the eyebrows, hands, neck, and face.

Lichenification is an amplification of aberrant pigmentation and normal skin marks caused by scratching and rubbing the skin.

  • Hives

Hives, also known as urticaria, are an itchy rash that may be a sign of a serious underlying medical issue. Raised pink or red pimples with a pale center, known as hives, can be of varied sizes and shapes.

Hives can move swiftly and can alter in size, shape, and itchiness. Hives rarely cause someone to scratch themselves so much as to break the skin.

Although they are not communicable, hives may indicate a major allergic reaction resulting in anaphylaxis, a life-threatening condition requiring an epinephrine injection to cure.

  • Angioedema

Angioedema, which is frequently accompanied by hives, is a swelling that can affect the hands, feet, lips, and eyes and prevent anaphylaxis. Patients characterize angioedema as having an unusual stinging or tingling feeling.

Angioedema in the face or neck is a sign of a serious allergy risk that could cause serious breathing difficulties. Any respiratory issues or a dramatic worsening of symptoms require immediate medical attention.

Symptoms

The main sign of an allergic skin reaction is a skin rash. You may initially experience an itchy sensation, a raised bump, or redness before experiencing any combination of the following symptoms:

  • Rash
  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • protruding bumps
  • Skin flaking or scaling

Different forms of skin allergies have distinguishing signs and patterns that can be used to identify them.

Contact Dermatitis

The most frequent cause of this reaction is an irritant. However, an allergic reaction is also conceivable; skin inflammation happens when an allergic trigger chemical comes in contact with your skin.

Although the rash can resemble eczema, it often only manifests itself when the skin has come into touch with the offending substance. Commonly affected areas include the neck, feet, cheeks, and eyelids.

Allergic contact dermatitis is most frequently brought on by poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac. It can also be brought on by nickel in jewelry, cosmetics, antibiotic creams, rubber, and chemicals on shoes.

Time can influence how people react. While you could anticipate experiencing the same symptoms if you come into contact with the trigger once more, you might experience different symptoms if you do.

Causes

Contact with a trigger can lead to a skin allergy. When the immune system reacts, a rash develops. The following triggers can result in skin allergies:

  • Animal dander 
  • latex
  • poison oak or poison ivy
  • temperature extremes
  • washing detergent
  • Soap
  • Chemicals
  • Insects
  • Pollen
  • Food
  • Drugs

Some individuals have extremely clear triggers, whereas others have trouble identifying the issue and require allergy testing.

Conclusion

Skin allergies may have a wide range of probable reasons, and managing them can be challenging. A skin allergy’s underlying cause is currently being researched.

However, a deficiency in the skin barrier function during infancy may be the cause of some types of skin allergies, according to recent studies. If you feel like you have a skin allergy, you must visit a doctor for a proper diagnosis and course of action.

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